Tuesday, April 08, 2008

The Kol Korei of the Chemdas Shlomo

In 1838, a kuntres was published by the Chemdas Shlomo, Rav Shlomo Zalman Lipschitz (1765-1839), with additional signatures of Yitzchak Kalisz of Warka (1779-1848) and Rav Chaim Meir Yechiel Shapira of Mogelnitz (d. 1849). [I hope to post more about these gedolim in the future when I write about the history of the Warsaw eruv.]

This kuntres, laying out issues that the Jewish communities should rectify, was in response to the terrible oppression by the Tzar’s armies. The fifth article states that those areas already encompassed by eruvin should insure their kashrus, and in those areas not yet enclosed by an eruv, the baalei battim should initiate an eruv with a hechsher. We see from this fascinating kuntres that these great gedolim considered it the responsibility of the baalei battim (even in the times where cities had Chief Rabbis) to establish an eruv, as well.


Facsimile of the original kuntres (1838) title page and the page with article five.