Thursday, March 16, 2006

Does Rav Moshe Feinstein zt”l Require a Daily Shishim Ribo?

Rav Moshe zt”l maintains that according to the Shulchan Aruch (O.C. 345:7), the requirement of shishim ribo is daily (Igros Moshe, O.C. 1:139:5, 4:87, 5:28:16). Rav Moshe maintained that the Shulchan Aruch is referring to a sratya which requires that the shishim ribo traverse it daily in order that it be classified as a reshus harabbim. [This is as opposed to a city (a twelve mil by twelve mil area) where he posits that if there is a population of 3,000,000 it would support shishim ribo in its streets and then the city would be classified as a reshus harabbim (see Part 1: Shishim Ribo According to Hagaon Rav Moshe Feinstein zt”l).] Additionally, Rav Moshe states (ibid., 4:88) that although at times Brooklyn’s beaches might be host to a million people, this in itself is not reason enough to prohibit an eruv of tzuras hapesachim because he concludes that according to the Shulchan Aruch the requirement is that the shishim ribo has to traverse the streets on a daily basis (see also the end of Part 3: A Critical Analysis of Rav Yisroel Hirsch’s Critique of Eruvin in Brooklyn).